Education is the process by which individual gains knowledge, skills and values for all round development its own. Education in India can be traced back to British raj when Nalanda University the oldest university in the world was set up but still the literacy rate in India is low being 74% as of 2011. Despite growing investments towards education India is facing stern challenges and a large group is illiterate. Only 15% of students reach high school and only 7% can make it to colleges. However to improve the literacy many laws have been passed like free and compulsory education for children under the age of 14 years and also Right to Education Act was passed. Not only this for promoting higher education establishment of cream Institute of the nation like IITs and IIMs are being set up in every state. One of the major problems of female literacy rate was also taken care and proper laws like Saakshar Bharat Mission for Female Literacy were made for the upliftment of females.
But looking at the other side of the coin despite policies formed the development is not taking place at the rate expected the main reasons for which being Poverty, various prejudices and corruption. For the enlistment of the minorities and other backward class people reservation to some extent has been done which have pros and cons of its own.
However at last but not the least the renewed emphasis on in the education sector in the budget and increased expenditure in primary, secondary and higher education can act as boon for the Indian education system.